Erik Estrada

Visiting Assistant Professor of Church History

Estrada teaches courses in historical theology and Church history, with dual specialization in early and medieval Christianity. In his teaching and research, he seeks to explore how and why in its two millennia of existence the Christian tradition has been understood and appropriated in different ways. His current research project investigates one aspect of this diverse appropriation by tracing the ways in which Paul’s statements about salvation were understood from the early Church to the Reformation. Within this larger project, he is currently writing a book on Pelagius and his reception throughout Church history. In addition to translating numerous articles for Vatican City’s L’Osservatore Romano, Estrada also collaborated on two major literary projects in early Christian and medieval studies: the Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity and The Monk’s Haggadah. Both will serve as helpful tools for students of early and medieval Christian history, thought, and culture. Whether in teaching or publication, Estrada views his theological vocation as a service to Christian unity and as a contribution to strengthening Christian education and scholarship in North America.


S.T.B. Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas; S.T.L. Istituto Patristico Augustinianum; M.M.S. and Ph.D. University of Notre Dame – Medieval Institute

Religious Affiliation

Roman Catholic

Courses Taught

  • History of Christianity 1 (200 B.C-1500)
  • History of Christianity 2 (1400-2018)
  • Augustine in Context
  • History of World Christianities
  • Near Eastern Christianities: Their Developments, Cultures, Major Figures and Impact on World Christianities
  • Salvation through the Centuries: A Historical Survey on Christian Models of Attaining Eternal Life
  • The Reformations of the Sixteenth Century: The Lasting Impact of the Reformation on Christian Doctrine, Spirituality and the Interpretation of the Bible
  • Latin for Research and Reading
  • Christology through the Centuries: Major Themes and Controversies from the New Testament to the Present

Select Essays, Translations, and Editions

  • “Israel, People of – Christianity.” Encyclopedia of Bible and its Reception: Integrity – Jesuit Order. Volume 13. Editors Dale C. Allison, Jr., Christine Helmer, Volker Leppin, Choon-Leong Seow, Hermann Spieckermann, Barry Dov Walfish and Eric J. Ziolkowski. Berlin – Boston – New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2016, 494-501.
  • The Monk’s Haggadah: A Fifteenth-Century Illuminated Codex from the Monastery of Tegernsee, with a prologue by Friar Erhard von Pappenheim. University Park, PA: Penn State Univ. Press, 2015.
  • Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity. 3 vols. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2014. Nuovo Dizionario Patristico e di Antichità Cristiane, a cura di Angelo Di Berardino, Genova-Milano: Marietti, 2008.
  • Translations for L’Osservatore Romano
  • Fr. Matthias Türk. “Saints Serve as Models of Ecumenical Unity.” n. 10 (1834)–10 March 2004, p. 11.
  • Fr. Jozef M. Maj, S.J. “Promoting Unity, Building the Peace.” n. 18 (1842)–5 May 2004, 10.
  • Cardinal Angelo Sodano, Vatican City Secretary of State. “25 Years of a Pontificate at the Service of Peace: the Address of Card. Angelo Sodano, Secretary of State, in the Reunion Held at the College of Cardinals in the Vatican.” n. 48 (1820)–26 Nov 2003, p. 8-10.

Select Academic Presentations

  • “From Teacher of Roman Rhetoric to Catholic Convert: Augustine’s Construction of Marius Victorinus’ Life, Conversion and Persecution as a Witness to Manicheans and Other Non-Catholics.” Augustine and Augustinianisms Unit. American Academy of Religion 2018 Annual Meeting. Denver, CO. November 17-20, 2018.
  • “Matthew against Justification by Faith Alone: The Augustinian and Pseudo-Augustinian Roots of Sixteenth-Century Roman Catholic Appeals to the Gospel of Matthew against Protestant Readings of Paul.” Matthew Section: Matthew and the Protestant Reformation. Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting. Boston, MA. November 18-21, 2017.
  • “The Battle for Baptism in the Gospel of John and the Pauline Epistles: A Third-Century North African Christian Conflict over Jesus, Paul and the Salvific Efficacy of Baptism.” Contextualizing North African Christianity. Session 2: Gospel Narratives in Christian Africa. Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting. Boston, MA. November 18-21, 2017.
  • “Lecturing on Paul in Dialogue with His Medieval Commentators: Thomas Aquinas’ Interaction with Thirteenth-Century Interpreters of Galatians.” Session “Glossing and Commentary”. Medieval Academy of America. Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 6-8, 2017.
  • “Pauline Utopia, Jacobean Dystopia: The Sources for Marius Victorinus’ Critique of James the Brother of the Lord.” Southeastern Commission for the Study of Religion (SECSOR). Society of Biblical Literature – American Academy of Religion – Southeastern Regional 2017 Annual Meeting. Session: History of Christianity. Marriott Raleigh Crabtree Valley, Raleigh, NC. March 3-5, 2017.
  • “Paul’s Gospel against Other Apostolic Soteriologies: Marcionite Influences on Marius Victorinus’ Understanding of Christian History, Soteriology and Scripture.” Panel: Fourth-Century Approaches to Grace & Salvation. North American Patristics Society. Chicago, May 26-28, 2016.
  • “The Law and the Works of the Law: The Hermeneutical Key to Ambrosiaster’s Interpretation of the Epistle to the Galatians.” Society of Biblical Literature – Pacific Coast Region 2016 Annual Meeting. Claremont Graduate University – School of Arts and Humanities. March 13-14, 2016.
  • “Le concile de Trente et l’unité de l’Église.” L’unité ecclésiologique à l’époque moderne: héritages, traités et questions disputées (XVe-XVIIe s.). Colloque à l’École française de Rome, École française de Rome. Programme piloté par Benoît Schmitz et Frédéric Gabriel. 5-7 Décembre 2013.

Select Honors and Awards

  • 2017 – Summer Course (Re)Design Award. Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina. Sponsored by the Office of the Provost and the Teaching and Learning Collaborative
  • 2016-2018 – Postdoctoral Fellow in Early and Medieval Christianity (Wake Forest University School of Divinity)
  • 2014-2016 – Vocation of the Theological Educator Postdoctoral Fellowship, Louisville Institute
  • 2013 – Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Fellowship, Huntington Library
  • 2012 – National Academies of Sciences, Ford Foundation Dissertation Fellowship
  • 2011 – UCLA Libraries, James and Sylvia Thayer Research Fellowship

Professional Affiliations

  • North American Patristics Society
  • Medieval Academy of America
  • Society of Biblical Literature
  • Sixteenth Century Society
  • American Academy of Religion
  • American Society of Church History



Phone: 336.758.3638

Office: Wingate 303B

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